HAVANA.- A study carried out in Cuba with some 3,000 women who have suffered from ischemic heart disease showed that the age of the disease in women is falling, announced an expert in Havana.

In an interview with the Cuban News Agency, Dr. Leonardo Lopez Ferrero, vice president of the Cuban Society of Cardiology, said that this is because women now smoke more, suffer more from diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure, among other risk factors.

López Ferrero, also head of the Hemodynamics department at the Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery (ICCC), in the capital, explained that this condition affects men more than women in a three-to-one relationship.

He clarified that women in the pre-menopausal phase are protected by estrogens, but this is not the case once they stop menstruating and become equal to men.

In order to avoid cardiovascular ailments, the specialist recommended the prevention of coronary risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, smoking and obesity, as well as exercises, low calorie diets, low fat and unsaturated fat, especially oil, low salt and sugar.

Dr. Leonardo López Ferrero, who is participating in the XXX Central American and Caribbean Congress of Cardiology and the IX Cuban Congress of Cardiology, which will be held until tomorrow at the Havana Convention Center with some 700 representatives from several countries, spoke at a
symposium on the subject.

He said that in the study conducted in the last 10 years in women with ischemic heart disease; this has an incidence of about 10 percent in the Cuban population.

According to specialists, ischemic heart disease, due to the protective effect of estrogens, usually occurs after menopause and therefore much later than in men.
This Thursday's scientific program includes a joint meeting of the American College of Cardiology and the Cuban Society of Cardiology, in which specialists from both countries will discuss heart health in the region and around the world.

This is a propitious occasion for specialists related to cardiovascular health to exchange experiences and update knowledge related to health promotion, prevention, medical treatment, interventionist, surgical and rehabilitation of patients with cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death in Cuba and the world, or people at risk of suffering them.